Also known as viral arthritis, a common symptom of a viral infection is the swelling and irritation (inflammation) of a joint. While this type of arthritis can be caused by numerous types of virus-related illnesses, for the most part, the pain will subside without any long terms effects.
Identifying and understanding the pathophysiologic mechanisms by which viral arthritis causes acute and chronic arthropathies are crucial for elucidating its immunopathogenesis. Alterations of the immune system can lead to acute forms of arthritis, which can be followed by chronic arthralgia, or arthritis. Although far from perfect, the number of patients diagnosed with acute viral arthritis is relatively low because of the late presentation of this condition. Current technologies provide simpler, faster, more reliable, and more sensitive tests for viral diagnosis than were previously available.