The platelet count in a healthy human adult is from 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood. When there is a marked and sustained decrease, it is an indication of a disorder called thrombocytopenia. If the platelet count dips below 50,000 per microliter, emergency treatment is required. Causes of thrombocytopenia can include excess drug and alcohol use, Vitamin B12 deficiency, prolonged dehydration and more severe issues like sepsis and leukemia.
Snake bites and Lyme disease can also cause this disorder. A full blood workup will help pinpoint the problem. You may even be asked to submit to a bone marrow biopsy. Treatment will be dictated by how severe the disorder has become. Your doctor may give you an injection of corticosteroids, which are used to increase platelet production. The key to eliminating thrombocytopenia is treating the underlying cause. This disorder should not be ignored. Left untreated it can cause organ severe damage.
Many things from overzealous flossing to gingivitis can cause your gums to bleed. The most common cause is plaque buildup near the gum line. It aggravates the gums, which are delicate to begin with. This irritation leads to inflammation and ultimately, bleeding. Taking blood thinner medications can also lead to bleeding gums.
When accompanied by other symptoms such as easy bruising, bleeding gums can be a sign of conditions that have a negative effect on the immune system, such as HIV or thrombocytopenia. Your gums should never bleed, even when you’re at the dentist getting a deep cleaning. Practicing good dental hygiene is very important because you won’t grow another set. If you notice abnormal bleeding, see your dentist to see if it’s simply a dental issue.