The novel coronavirus rocked the globe in 2020, and has left many countries quarantining residents and putting lockdown measures in place to avoid outbreaks and reduce spread of the illness. As a part of the coronavirus family that causes conditions like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and even the common cold, COVID-19 was identified as a condition that originated in China in 2019.
The illness is currently known as a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and was officially declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. Those who are older are considered “higher risk” when it comes to the severity around COVID-19, and the chances enhanced with age. Individuals that have pre-existing chronic health conditions also have increased chances around complications with the condition. Some of them include:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Heart illnesses like coronary artery disease or cardiomyopathy, as well as heart failure
Type 2 diabetes
Chronic kidney disease
Weakened immune system from organ transplants
Sickle cell disease
Added conditions that can also enhance the risk around health complications if COVID-19 develops include:
Chronic lung diseases (e.g. cystic fibrosis)
Weakened immune system from HIV, some medications, or bone marrow transplant
High blood pressure
Type 1 diabetes
High blood pressure
The interesting thing about COVID-19 is that cases can range from very mild symptoms to extremely severe. While some exhibit signs of the illness, others who test positive for the novel coronavirus may not show any at all. Signs of the condition can surface anywhere between two and 14 days after someone is exposed (this is referred to as the “incubation” period”).
Below are 10 common signs of COVID-19.
A fever is a sign that your body is trying to fight off an infection. An increase in your normal body temperature, a “fever” for an adult is when a temperature reads higher than 100.4 F; while for kids, a fever can occur when their temperature is at 100.4 F (rectal measurement), 99 F (under arm measurement), or 99.5 F (oral measurement).
“Normal” or “average” body temperature ranges at 98.6 F (or 37 Celsius). It’s important to note that a fever can accompany many illnesses, therefore if you find your temperature is above normal, the best thing to do is to reach out to your health provider via phone call or email, and look into getting tested for COVID-19.