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ADHD: Signs, Treatment, Causes

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a medical condition that affects self-control, attention, as well as the ability to sit still, for some. An individual with ADHD simply has differing brain activity and development. The disorder is generally diagnosed in children, and is a life-long condition that can affect school routines, friendships, and life at home.

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While all children struggle at one point or another when it comes to following directions, sitting still, paying attention, and waiting for “their turn” on something, young ones with ADHD struggle that much more, and the above tends to happen a lot more, as such

Those children with ADHD may exhibit some symptoms in one to all three of the below categories:

Impulse: Children who are impulsive act far too quick before thinking things through. They can grab or push; find it difficult to wait for things; or interrupt often. They might do things without asking first, take items that don’t belong to them, or do things that are very risky. Their emotional reactions might seem overly intense when some situations arise.

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Inattentive: This category outlines children who are easily distracted, have issues focusing their attention, or staying the course on a task. They might not listen well when it comes to directions, and won’t finish what they have started. Additionally, children with inattentiveness might miss important details, dawdle, or daydream too much. They could seem forgetful or absent-minded.

Hyperactive: Easily bored, restless, or fidgety; these are all characteristics of hyperactive children. They might make careless mistakes, and rush through things. Without intentionally trying to, they might disrupt others, and it is very common for them to jump, climb, or roughhouse in situations when they should not.



While most kids can be impatient, have trouble focusing, and may not stay on tasks; as they grow, they do tend to get better and better. It’s when these signs become an issue at home or school, where most teachers can pick up on symptoms, that an ADHD diagnosis may be needed.

The first thing a parent will want to do is book an appointment with a family doctor. Initially, your doctor may conduct a simple check-up to ensure these signs aren’t related to something else. If there is a concern, your doctor will refer you to a child psychiatrist or psychologist.


Upon gathering information about a child’s health, activity, and behavior, a doctor may diagnose them with ADHD if:

  • Their distractibility, impulsivity, or hyperactivity go past what is usual for their age group.
  • Their distractibility, impulsivity, or hyperactivity affects them at home and school.
  • These behaviors have been prevalent since the child’s younger years.
  • A check-up indicates that their symptoms are not due to a learning issue or health concern.


Treatment options for ADHD include:

Behavior Therapy: Therapists are assigned to help children with ADHD develop emotional, social, and planning skills that lag due to the condition.

Medicine: This can help to activate a child’s brain to use more self-control, pay additional attention, and slow down.

Coaching For Parents: This activity helps teach parents the best way to respond when dealing with their child’s behavior and symptoms.

Support From School: When teachers are aware of the ADHD condition, they can help children thrive, succeed, and enjoy school that much more.



While it’s not clear what exactly causes the ADHD condition, there is some research that indicates is can be inherited. Getting enough sleep, eating healthy, ensuring your child gets exercise, and offering them support are also all great ways to help improve ADHD symptoms; however, lack of these do not cause the condition itself.

What Can Parents Do?

Get Involved: If you’ve learned your child has ADHD, research the condition, and learn all about it. Ensure you follow the treatment plan provided by doctors. Keep appointments for therapy, and alert your child’s school around the diagnosis.

Medicines: Ensure you always provided your child with the recommended dosage of medicines, at the times instructed. Keep their medications in a safe place, and away from their reach.

Approaches: Learn about the best parenting approaches for your child, and those that can trigger symptoms (so you can avoid them). Support your kiddo, and talk opening about ADHD with them.

Support Groups: Having a child with ADHD can take a toll on a parent. Joining a support group can help you feel like you aren’t alone, and can be an excellent resource for information.


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