A recent study in Sweden reveals that lack of cardiorespiratory exercise, along with low muscle strength can increase the chances of type 2 diabetes for younger men; despite their weight. Dr. Casey Crump, lead author of the study, stated that these risk can increase over long term, even if men fall within the normal scales of the body mass index (BMI).
If fact, Crump notes that combining low muscular and aerobic fitness increases the risk to diabetes even more, compared to each factor’s individual risks.
The study reviewed over one million Swedish military conscripts without any diabetes in their history, aged 18, from 1969 to 1997. Researchers continued to follow the males up to 2012, locating the diagnose of type 2 diabetes using Swedish outpatient and hospital registries.
Upon review, approximately 34,000 of those males (around two percent) were identified as having diabetes during their follow up. Almost half of these men were diagnosed with this condition after 46 years of age.
Those males that were in the least in shape at the age of 18 were three times likelier to contract diabetes, versus those with increased aerobic strengthen and capacity; even compared to those who were at a normal BMI.
While differing studies may have varied definitions when it comes to being physically fit, Crump noted that the level of activity performed consistently plays a key role when it comes fitness.
He also stated that more research is needed to measure fitness levels, diet, and BMI across one’s lifespan to truly understand the increased risk as it relates to diabetes. He also added that females, and other populations should be added to these studies.
Lastly, Crump noted that the youth today need to focus on regular fitness routines, both muscle strengthen and aerobic exercise, and refrain from screen time, to help prevent these barriers.
Rueters recommended that youth engage in approximately 60 minutes of daily fitness, and allot three days weekly to muscle strengthen. Sadly, Crump notes that about a half of the young people today within the United States engage in these guidelines.