A recent study stemming from Canada’s Fay Yee Centre for Healthcare Innovation and the University of Manitoba has revealed that artificial sweeteners might be connected to weight gain, increased chances of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and blood pressure.
Medical News Today explained thatsSome people often reach for these non-nutritive sweeteners if they are looking to lose weight, as a sweet alternative to sugar. Still, research has revealed that these artificial sweeteners, in the likes of sucralose, stevioside, and aspartame, might produce a negative effect when it comes to gut bacteria, appetite, and metabolism. Moreover, research has indicated that regular consumption of these non-nutritive sweeteners might cause an individual to gain weight, due to increase food intake.
The study team had a goal to determine if there was a link to heart disease and weight gain when it came to these artificial sweeteners and what the long-term effects were. They analyzed 37 studies and reviewed over 400,000 participants for about a decade. Seven of the studies the team reviewed were control trials that were thought to be the gold standard when it came to clinical research. These random controlled trials took place for about half a year and followed over 1,000 individuals. These trials, with a quick follow up data, revealed that artificial sweetener consumptions were not connected to a decrease when it came to body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, or weight. Still, during the other observational studies that were longer, results revealed a link to these non-nutritive sweeteners and increases in BMI, waist circumference, and weight.
Additionally, the team saw a connection when it came to artificial sweetener intake and long-term effect, including the increased chances in high blood pressure, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Still, the research team was quick to state that no data was available when it came to the random and controlled trials to authorize the above notes in terms of long-term effects.
The authors also noted that while a significant amount of people in the public turn to artificial sweeteners when it comes to weight loss, the end results clearly revealed that the intended goal around weight management for these sweeteners were not attained. They also added that more research is needed around the long-term health effects and artificial sweetener consumption.