A new study is reporting that females are now drinking almost as much as their male counterparts.
The study reviewed the drinking habits of four million people from 1891 to 2001, showing that men were likelier to drink more alcohol with amounts that would negatively affect their health. In recent generations, it seems that women are catching up when it comes to alcohol consumption and issues.
Males were found to drink over double than that of women in the early 20th century, with over three times the risk of developing alcohol-related issues. Nowadays it seems that males and females are evening out. Males born since the ‘80s are only 1.1 times likelier to consume alcohol – while women are 1.3 times likelier to drink alcohol in a way that may cause an issue.
The study reviewed 68 international reports that were published between 1980 to 2014.
Individuals were grouped by birth date and alcohol consumption levels. The study analyzed any use of alcohol, including frequency and quantities, as well as problematic consumption (heavy drinking or binge drinking), and any occurrence that is linked with issues around alcohol.
The study did not go into why this gap is closing in between the genders and alcohol consumption, however researchers did note that the evolution of traditional roles between men and women could add some insight.
As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), excessive alcohol consumption over long periods of time has been connected to many a health issue, including: stroke, high blood pressure, heart and liver disease, and digestive problems.
It’s important to note, that more research many be needed on this topic, as a huge chunk of the studies reviewed took place in Europe and the U.S.; so, the results may be influenced by a trend in the West.
CNN reported that one of the study researchers Katherine M. Keyes, Columbia University, chimed in the report saying an important thing to highlight is that treatment is available for both men and women when it comes to alcohol consumption issues. She goes on to say that gender differences are fading, so public health officials need to bring women into the fold when it comes to the abuse of alcohol.
Regardless, the study makes one point very clear. Alcohol abuse can no longer be looked at as something that solely happens to men.